Global distribution channels vary in general because everyone is trying to discover a way to make money without getting the flow of current distribution channels. Each channel is a very important chapter in the process of the global channel in order for the world to obtain some type of harmony within the distributing between the channels. The article discusses brand management on a global scale. Marketing across cultures can be done with Theodore Levitt’s idea for exploiting the “economics of simplicity” with standardized products, packaging, and communication.
Global brands become symbols of cultural ideals; therefore, transnational companies have to offer a high-value product that deliver the cultural myths consumers are looking for. The Global Brands Study found consumers associate global brands with three characteristics (quality signal, global myth, and social responsibility), which are used to evaluate them when making purchase decisions. Global consumers are segmented into four categories: global citizens, global dreamers, anti-globals, and global agnostics.
More than two decades ago, Harvard Business School professor Theodore Levitt provocatively declared in a 1983 HBR article, “The Globalization of Markets,” that a global market for uniform products and services had emerged. He argued that corporations should exploit the “economics of simplicity” and grow by selling standardized products all over the world. Although Levitt did not explicitly discuss branding, managers interpreted his ideas to mean that transnational companies should standardize products, packaging, and communication to achieve a least-common-denominator positioning that would be effective across cultures.
From that commonsense standpoint, global branding was only about saving costs and ensuring consistent customer communication. The idea proved popular in the 1980s, when several countries opened up to foreign competition and American and Japanese corporations tried to penetrate those l branding has lost more luster recently because transnational companies have been under virtual siege. The evidence is on the streets and in stores all around us. Comet , 1991
Managers at Heineken headquarters were concerned that Heinkens’ brand image was to being consistently projected so they begain advertisng, but particular in the larger markets. Mosa, 1992 Managers started an international advertising Commissioned eight countries to figure out what made the male beer drinker come alive when it came down to the taste of his beer. Both projects has good taste image based core brand vales which were quite similar in both project such as taste, premiumness, tradition, winning spirit and lastly friendship
World of Heineken is a diverse world of customers and employees who span the globe and represent different cultures, customs, professions and interests. They have widely differing tastes – and many different reasons for getting together to enjoy their Heineken beer. It’s an attitude shared by our people. Heineken’s employees and associates are as culturally diverse as our customers – but they all share a common belief in the quality of our products.
And they know that when the quality is good, then everyone – Heineken people and Heineken customers alike – will have positive attitudes toward the company and its products. lieve that fulfilling these values includes being a responsible company. Through advertising, marketing and all of our activities, we are dedicated to the quality and integrity of our products. They also believe that we have the responsibility to educate our consumers about the responsible use of these products. In addition, we believe that, ultimately, it is the responsibility of the informed consumer to use these products in a responsible fashion.